This page is to post historical facts in Saddle Lake Cree Nation's (SLCN) history to assist students in their learning and create nation pride, awareness, and unity. Therefore, I encourage nation members and friends to forward relevant links to assist in this historical reference. Some links are to assist the teachers and students in their curriculum studies.
I also encourage all to visit our local museum (located on second floor of main band office) for additional history and our Saddle Lake Lottery Fund Department on a list of all historical Chiefs.
Over the years Saddle Lake has changed it's name to it's current name "Saddle Lake (Onicikiskwapowin) Cree Nation". These are names Saddle Lake has been listed as over the years:
- Saddle Lake Indian Reserve #125
- Saddle Lake First Nation
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation interchangeable with Onicikiskwapowin.
Saddle Lake's band populous is #125 and our band membership registration number is #462 and the band was created in 1953 even though signing of Treaty #6 Agreement between the Queen's people of Canada (Canadian monarch) and the Original Plains and Wood Cree people of Turtle Island was in 1876.
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation (with flash) - recommended for High Speed Internet connection
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation (no flash) - recommended for slower Internet connection
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Onicikiskwapowin (no flash)
- "Onicikiskwapowin: Saddle Lake Cree Nation, was once called Onihcikiskwapiwn, meaning: “mirage on the lake” Saddle Lake has been the meeting place for the Cree People for over 200 years. It was among the land of the Blackfoot, the Chipewyan, the Beaver and Slavies. The Lake became the spring gathering place for Cree bands when winter was over. According to the legends of our Forefathers..."
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Onicikiskwapowin (with flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Treaty Signing (no flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Treaty Signing (with flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Amalgamation (no flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Amalgamation (with flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Language (no flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Language (with flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Traditions (no flash)
- Saddle Lake Cree Nation - Traditions (with flash)
- Aboriginal Affairs & Northern Development Canada (AANDC) - Treaty 6, 7, & 8 Federal Nations listed in Provincial Alberta
- Aboriginal Canada - Saddle Lake Community
- Alberta Family Histories Society - Alberta Timeline
- Alberta Online Encyclopedia - Treaty #6
- “Can we stop the power of the white man from spreading over the land like the grasshoppers that cloud the sky and then fall to consume every blade of grass and every leaf on the trees in their path? I think not. Before this happens let us ponder carefully our choice of roads"- Plains Cree Chief Ahtahkakoop (Star Blanket), as quoted by interpreter Peter Erasmus at the Treaty 6 negotiations at Fort Carleton in 1876.
- Blue Quills First Nations College - 1st Owned & Operated school by 11 nations of the people in Canada (Commemorative Book)
- "In a story about Mr. Jonas Cardinal, Mike Steinhauer reflects back to the time when this notable Elder of Saddle Lake arrived at Blue Quills to assess the situation for himself. There was friction and controversy about the take-over growing from within the assembly that stemmed from some people’s fears of failure. In a heart moving address delivered at the sit-in when protestors were being harassed by internal dissenters, Mr. Cardinal captured the attention of all present when he asked these jarring questions. “In the past 40 years, since the department has had control over our schooling, how many of us completed grade 12? If you have stand up.” No one stood up. He went on to enquire, “How many of us completed grade 8? Let’s stand up!” One person sheepishly arose from his chair. “How many of us completed grade 6?” A handful of people stood up.Then he said, “Look around. We can’t do any worse by taking over this school! We need graduates who will return to our reserves to teach our people so that we can become strong as nations.” His speech made a resonating impact which caused the people in the room to unite and stand together to assert their responsibility to determine the educational destinies of their own children and grandchildren."
- Blue Quills First Nations College - home website
- Blue Quills First Nations College - other relative links
- Boycott Defended - Windspeaker: The refusal to participate in first ministers talks on Aboriginal self-government
- Canada: A People's History - Account of Education Protest in 1970 at Blue Quills
- Canadian History - Indian Act
- Child Care - Windspeaker 1987: SLFN wants child care without jeopardizing Treaty
- City Data - Saddle Lake #125 Demographics
- The Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations
- Education - Edmonton Journal 2011: Ottawa fled responsibility for reserve schools
- Elections - Windspeaker 1987 : Band elections make the news
- Indigenous Studies Portal - University of Saskatchewan
- Kainai News - October 15, 1971 Blue Quills Education Demonstration
- Mapleleafweb - The Indian Act: A historical Overview
- Parliamentary Research Branch - The Indian Act History
- Ralph G. Steinhauer: April 30, 1974 Cree leader becomes Lieutenant Governor
- Residential School History - historical documents at the "Library and Archives Canada "from Indian & Northern Affairs Canada (INAC), currently known as Aboriginal Affairs & Northern Development Canada (AANDC)
- Residential School History - The Canadian Catholic Historical Association Journal called "The Hawthorn Survey (1966-1967), Indians and Oblates and Integrated Schooling by Robert J. CARNEY"
- Residential School History - Hidden No Longer: Genocide in Canada
- Saddle Lake Post Secondary Department - April 1, 1986
- Saddle Lake Post Secondary Department - Graduation Project Higher Learning Graduates
- Saskatchewan History Timeline
- Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre
- Stanley Redcrow - his historical account of Blue Quills
- St. Paul Boycott - 1980s
- St. Paul Boycott - Edmonton Journal 2005 Boycott due to then Town Councillor Guy Germain's racist comments
- St. Paul Boycott - 2005 CBC news coverage
- Traditional Land Use - SLCN website
- Traditional Land Use & Consultation
- Treaty Six - on Aboriginal Affairs & Northern Development Canada's (AANDC) website
- Water Treatment Plant - New Treatment Plant
- Wikipedia - SLCN Description
- Wikipedia - Treaty #6
- Wikipedia - Indian Act
- Wikipedia - History of Alberta
- Wikipedia - History of Saskatchewan
- Windspeaker Newspaper - search out "Saddle Lake" in their digital archives
Lonnie Whiskeyjack Creation:
Additional Known facts: Treaty #6 was first signed on August 28, 1876 at Fort Carlton and continued at Fort Pitt, and Battle River. At the time of Treaty signing, the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan didn't exist until September 1, 1905. Therefore, Treaty #6 precedes the provincial land demographics Treaty # 6 territory is located. Furthermore, Treaty # 6 and the Canadian Indian Act are two different entities.
*** I encourage nation members, relations, friends, etc.. to forward relevant links to assist in this historical reference.